Sensors and monitoring
Data and information are crucial for managing and protecting water resources. Data and information, for example, about the water resources themselves, about inputs that can affect the quality of the water resources, and about the operation of treatment processes for removing contaminants to ensure the water resources are protected.
Sensors form a crucial technology for gathering data and information. They form an integral part of the wider array of monitoring technology and systems that provide a basis for making decisions and implementing actions around water resource protection.
The Netherlands has strong expertise across the water-related areas of sensors and monitoring. Dutch companies have developed technologies for a wide range of applications. These include use in irrigation, where sensors can be used to determine the soil moisture content and monitoring systems can anticipate rainfall. Deployed together these can help ensure that the need for external water use is minimised. Monitoring the water quality of sources means users such as municipalities or industries can avoid abstracting water when contamination peaks occur and so avoid incurring higher treatment costs. Industries can optimise their internal treatment and recirculation of water. And future applications might be the use of sensing and monitoring to ensure cross-contamination does not occur between drinking water and recycled grey water networks.